Treatments for Achilles Tendon Injury
Your Achilles tendon is a tough band of fibrous tissue located at back of your ankle. This band connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. Your calf muscles come together as one strong band of tissue known as the Achilles tendon. This is at the lower end of your calf. This tendon inserts into the heel bone, or calcaneus. Bursae, which are small fluid-filled sacs, provide cushioning for the Achilles tendon at the heel.
Treatment for injury to the Achilles tendon depends on the type of injury and the extent of the damage. Your condition may respond to RICE therapy – rest, ice, compression and elevation. Over-the-counter pain relievers could also help reduce discomfort. In cases where the pain is severe, you may need prescription pain relievers. If the injury is moderately severe, your ankle could require immobilization for several weeks. A ruptured Achilles tendon may be reattached with surgery.
There are several types of injuries that can occur at the Achilles tendon. Injuries can be caused by activities such as playing sports, over working the tendon, ill-fitting footwear and accidents that impact the tendon. A physical examination is required to accurately diagnose the source of discomfort in the Achilles tendon.
Common Achilles Tendon Conditions
Some injuries and conditions are common in this area. The Achilles tendon can be torn during an activity or over time. Sometimes microtears can develop, causing problems. A larger tear in the tendon may cause pain, swelling and impact movement of the foot.
Every year about 18 out of 100,000 patients are seen for a rupture of the Achilles tendon. A rupture to the tendon is usually the result of a sudden, forceful motion which puts excessive stress on the calf muscle. It happens most with adults in their middle years.
Another common Achilles tendon condition is chronic Achilles tendinosis. When the structural protein, collagen, begins to deteriorate in the tendon, problems develop. This is most likely when the tendon is constantly overused. This condition occurs most often in the Achilles tendon, although it can happen in any tendon in the body.
You can read more about Achilles tendon conditions by clicking on the links below:
Some injuries require immediate attention while other conditions may gradually get worse over time. When you have doubts about the health of your ankle, or you experience pain or discomfort, it is best to have the ankle examined. You may have a condition that needs medical attention. Contact Dr. Stuart Mogul today to schedule an appointment.